Unit 136 Children's Care, Learning and Development, Level 5

Unit 136 – Support children’s learning and development in the early years

In England the early year’s curriculum which supports the children’s care, learning and development is the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS). The EYFS is followed by all early years setting’s until the child turns five. It has three prime areas of development which are communication and language, personal, social and emotional development, and physical development. There are also four specific areas which the children start to develop in once they hit the age of 8 – 20 months. These specific areas include mathematics, literacy, expressive art and design, and understanding the world. Within the EYFS there are also three characteristics of learning which practitioners observe the children learning with, these are active learning, playing and exploring, and creative and critically thinking.
The EYFS is split into milestones which the children should be completing at different ages. Within the different age groups there are points of help for practitioners which outline ideas of how to develop the children’s learning to the next level and also how to provide an enabling environment which will also help to develop their learning. Practitioners observe the children’s learning, and then plan how to develop the child’s needs, and then assess how their progress is going. All observations are kept in the child’s learning profiles, which are updated on a regular basis by the child’s key person.
(Early Years Foundation Stage Statutory Framework, 2014)
In Wales the early year’s curriculum model which supports children’s care, learning and development is Early Years Foundation Phase. Unlike England this is split into two parts, for under three year olds the curriculum is the Birth to Three Matters, and then for three to seven year olds the curriculum is the Foundation Phase.
The Birth to Three Matters is split into four aspects of learning which are a healthy child, a skilful...