Unit 1

Explain patterns and trends in health and illness among different social groupings. (P3)

In this assignment I will be explaining how patterns and trends in health and illness may vary in different social groupings.

What is Mortality rate?
Is the measure of the number of deaths that occur in a population. Morbidity is an incidence of ill health and is measured as a ratio which picks individuals in the populations who became ill in a specific date, location and period of time.

What is Morbidity rate?
Mortality rate is the measure of certain of individuals in the population who have a specific illness or condition and helps determine the overall amount of prevalence of a certain illness and the most instances of the condition happened when contrasted to the population.

What is infant mortality rate?
This measures to define the ratio of infant deaths to live births. This may also vary depending on the country or area you are looking at.

What is life expectancy?
This is an indicator which shows how long an individual will live on the average depending on mortality rates.
Here are some of the social groupings which I will explain:
• Social –economic status
• Gender
• Age
• Geographic location
• Ethnicity
• Risky Behaviours

Geographic location:
The graph shows that in a place like calton a person’s life expectancy of life is lower at 54 than that of a person who lives in Lenzie who would probably live to 82 years old. Which could suggest that depending on where you and your race could determine a person’s life expectancy. This could be because there is poor living circumstances in Calton then in Lenzie this could link to social class. Also because the person is on a low income they won’t have the money to go to private care it may be difficult for the person to receive quality care like a person who makes a lot of money.
Those in lower paid, unskilled jobs have a greater risk of accidents at work and can suffer from stress linked to unemployment. Professionals...