Unit 1 Taqa

Unit 1 Understanding the principles and practices of assessment
1.1 Explain the functions assessment in learning and development
It is important to clarify some of the fundamental principles and issues which need to be applied to the design of any assessment strategies for any module or programme.
For this purpose, let us define assessment as evaluation or appraisal; it is about making a judgment, identifying the strengths and weaknesses, the good and the bad, and the right and the wrong in some cases. It is more than simply giving marks or grades, although that may well be a part of it.
Assessment plays a crucial role in the education process: it determines much of the work students undertake and it affects their approach to learning and, it can be argued, is an indication of which aspects of the course/programme/unit are valued most highly.
Assessment is needed for learning and effective teaching
The assessment process should provide good instruction, occur frequently and provide information about the levels of understanding that the student is achieving. It is therefore essential that students understand what they have done well in their work to be able to restore this; likewise they need to have clear targets to be able to progress. These need to be in student friendly terms and helps to show the teacher that they, the students, have made progress.
In order for effective teaching to take place there are two key questions which need to be considered and is a principle of the assessment process. These are as follows:
  1. How does a teacher or an assessor know what they are to prepare to teach? 
  2. How do they check their progress and evaluate their efforts? 

By implementing and following the assessment cycle, this will allow the teacher to plan what to teach effectively and allow both the teacher and the student to check their progress and evaluate their own efforts and make appropriate changes:

This systematic approach allows the...