Unit 1 Support Work in Schools

Unit 1
Task 1.1

Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years to include;

A. Physical development

There are many different developments between newborn and 19 years. All children develop at their own pace but there are several milestones they should reach.   Newborn babies have very little control of their bodies as they begin to get older they start to develop these ‘skills.’ They start to develop ‘gross motor skills,’ by 6 months a child will start to:

 Recognise sounds and movements and start to turn head towards it
 Recognise faces of family and friends
 Smile at familiar faces and voices
 Hold and shake a rattle
 Put anything they find into their mouths

Between 6 months and 1 year they start to gain more ‘gross motor skills’ as they start to:

 Sit unaided
 Roll over from tummy and back again
 They crawl, creep or shuffle on their bottom
 Move an object from one hand to another

These skills continue to get stronger and stronger as they get older. By one and two years old they start to use their ‘fine motor skills’ examples of these are:

 Using there fingers and thumb to pick an item up
 Banging items together

By two and three years old is when the ‘movement skills’ develop these include:

 Throwing a ball
 Kicking a ball

At 3-7 years the children will refine the skills they have developed so far, they will have more confidence with the ‘fine motor skills’ such as:

 Holding pens/pencils and colouring - you should supply materials such as crayons, paint or pens to encourage their fine motor skills
 Using scissors to cut
 Hold pencil and start to write
 Start doing simple puzzles or playing with building bricks.

When a child is aged between 7 and 12 they gain even more confidence in their ‘gross motor skills’ by improving what they have learnt from a younger age.

 They can run a lot further and faster
 Are more...