Understanding Color Theory

Colour Theory
Studying for this unit has brought back memories from when I was a
little girl and learnt to mix colours, to create another colours, the
secondary and the tertiary colours in a fun way, and this unit has
gave me in depth knowledge, and widely developed my
understanding about Colour Theory in design.
Below I will explain some of those theories such as hue, tint, tone and
shade; the different colour schemes, the psychological effects
associates with colours.

From the previous units I became familiar with the word hue, and now
I have understood it better. Hue and colour means the same thing,
and can be used interchangeably.
Hue is one of the twelve colours on the Colour Wheel. Hue is the
name given for the twelve purest and brightest colours, which are the
three primary colours, the three secondary and the six tertiary colours
of the Colour Wheel.

Each colour on the basic colour wheel can be modified in 3 ways:
Tints, Shades and Tones.

1. Tint
This is the way to lightening the twelve basic colours to create
This can create the Pastel Colours.
Simply by mixing any colour with white, this will lighten the
original colour.
If we mix any of the twelve colours of the colour wheel we can
create a pastel or tint of the mixture. Varying from light pales,
nearly white to tinted pure hue.
A colour scheme using Tints will be usually soft, feminine
environment, newborn nursery, I have included a picture
below to demonstrate it.

2. Shades
The word shade makes me think about my shade or a tree
shade, and then I can simple associate a Shade with the way to
make any colour darker.
This means that we can create an extremely dark, nearly black
to shaded pure hue.
Shades are deep, powerful and sophisticated. Often found in
masculine environment.

3. Tones
A Tone is created by adding both white and black, which is
grey. Then we can conclude that any colour that is ‘greyed
down’ can be considered a Tone.