Understand How to Safeguard the Wellbeing of Children and Young People

Unit 11 - Understand how to Safeguard the Wellbeing of Children and Young People

Section 5 - Understand how to respond to evidence or concerns that a child or young person has been bullied.

5.1 Explain different types of bullying and the potential effects on children and young people
All bullying is unacceptable   and must be dealt with. Types of bullying include -
  * Physical - e.g.   pushing, kicking, hitting, punching, nipping
  * Verbal - e.g. name calling, insulting, teasing, starting rumours, telling tales, racist comments
  * Emotional - e.g. tormenting, excluding, ignoring, ridiculing , humiliating( link verbal )
  * Cyber bullying - can be very damaging as it can be done anonymously on mobile phones and be more in the public eye especially on social networking sites, this can include all verbal and emotional bullying techniques plus photos and videos.
All types of bullying can greatly affect children and young adults and make them feel very unhappy, worthless, isolated, develop low self esteem/ confidence, they may be angry or depressed ( this can lead to self harm or suicide ) . Their concentration and ability to succeed at school may be affected and they could be harmed, injured or in extreme cases die from   injuries sustained by physical bullying. Some children refuse to go to school or run away to avoid bullies. Often children/young adults are bullied because they are perceived as " different ", this may be due to race, religion, nationality, sexual orientation or it can be related to jealousy or physical differences e.g. a disability, height, build. Sometimes it is just because of hair colour, wearing glasses/ hearing aid or liking different sports or hobbies i.e. they don’t " fit in " with the crowd.

5.2 Outline the policies and procedures that should be followed in response to concerns or evidence of bullying and explain the reasons why they are in place
By law all schools must have antibullying policies and procedures in place....