Uganda Handout

Indicators of the gap
• Life expectancy: 49.7
- Low due to HIV/AIDS
• GDP (PPP$): $1454
- Economy based almost entirely on primary goods and global prices are low due to a glut in supply.
- Government have low export tax. There are also few wealthy companies to tax which results in less money to spend on education and health etc.
• Literacy rate: 70%
- Primary school is free, but few are run by the government so many people have to pay the equivalent of £20 a term which is too much.
- The government only funds ¼ of universities.
• Access to safe water: 60%
- Living conditions are poor, malaria and cholera are big killers.
Reasons for the gap (graph explanation)
1. 1900-1920 – sleeping sickness epidemic killed more than 250,000 people, 2/3 of the population affected the lake shore areas.
2. 1962- Uganda became independent from Britain and had a very successful economy. It was stable and trade was good. This was largely due to well-established Asian immigrants.
3. 1971- Idi Amin overthrew the government and there was a long period of violence and civil war. This increased the demand for weapons where Amin borrowed $1mn.
He also expelled all wealthy Asians from the country which lead to the collapse of the Government’s tax revenue.
Progress in Uganda
1. Eliminate poverty and hunger – likely to be able to half the amount of people living on $1 per day by 2015.
2. Primary education – now free and encouraging parents to not keep children to work on subsidence farms.
3. Gender equality – 30% of Parliament must be women.
4. Child mortality rates and maternal health – 137 per 1000 (child mortality). Hard to reduce as only 41% of births are attended by a skilled professional. An area for work.
5. HIV/AIDS and other diseases- 50% illness (reported) in 2006 was malaria. HIV is prominent but remains lower than many other African countries. Campaigns about sexual health increase awareness of sexually transmitting the disease.