To What Extent Did the Murder of Franz Ferdinand Cause the First World War?

All the events that led up to WW1 built up tension between neighbouring countries. Nearly some events was a reason to start WW1 but they didn’t happen. The trigger point was the assassination of The Archduke Franz Ferdinand.

The Assassination

On Sunday 28th June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, nephew of Emperor Franz Josef and heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, is shot to death along with his wife by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo, Bosnia. The assassination was led by The Black Hand Gang, a Serbian terrorist organisation. Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, were touring Sarajevo in an open car, with   little security, when Serbian nationalist Nedjelko Cabrinovic threw a bomb at their car; it rolled off the back of the vehicle and wounded an officer and some bystanders.   19-year-old Gavrilo Princip was one of The Black Hand Gang members. After knowing one of his team members failed he knew that they had failed the mission. He was just walking down the street and by accident the driver of Ferdinand took a wrong turn on the same street where Gavrilo Princip was. Seeing his opportunity, Princip fired into the car, shooting Franz Ferdinand and Sophie. Princip then turned the gun on himself, but was prevented from shooting by a bystander who threw himself upon the young assassin. A mob of angry civilians attacked Princip. Meanwhile, Franz Ferdinand and Sophie lay wounded in their car they both died within the hour.

Alliances and Empires

Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy formed the Triple Alliance. Britain was concerned with Germany and its growing power. Britain began to have friendly negotiations with France and Russia. Britain, France and Russia were all worried about the growing German power in Central Europe as they had just beaten France in a recent and stood up against Russia when Austria was taking over Bosnia.
Britain signed an agreement with France in 1904 and Russia in 1907. The Triple Entente was formed. Germany wanted to have an empire as...