Tma1 Y183


In the following essay, I will describe, in turn, the terms ‘mental images’,

‘concepts’ and schemas. I will then continue my explanation of how these can

organise our thinking and improve our memory. I will support these findings by

relevant evidence from experiments and research. The conclusion will

summarise the main points.

Psychologists identify three ways of thinking. These areas refer to semantic

thoughts - thinking in words and conversations; iconic thoughts - thinking

using images and pictures; and enactive thoughts - thinking based on actions

and movement. Our thoughts are then being organised. This organisation


using mental images and their affect on recalling relevant information

forming concepts - mental organisation of our thoughts

developing schemas and their importance

Mental image is a verbal or written information transformed into an image or a

picture in our minds. By concentrating on forming this image in an unusual

way, such as large, colourful and bizarre, we will create a mental image that

will remain in our memory. This image will remain in our memory longer as

we tend to remember unusual items rather than items we use and deal with on

daily basis. Spoors et al (2011). The unusual nature of the image will also help

us to recall relevant information. There have been several experiments to

support this theory. One of the experiments is the one carried out by Raugh and

Atkinson (1975). They asked two groups of participants to learn 60 Spanish

words. They taught one-half of them to use the key word technique, which they

developed. The later test revealed that the scores of those using the key word

technique were on average 88% compare with 28% of those not using key

words. Spoors et al (2011).

Another memory aid that helps us to remember or memorise huge amount of

information or data based on mental images are mnemonics....