Using Tables 1 and 2 which show the differences and patterns in the population regarding the ethnicity of England and Wales, it is clear that ethnic population underwent certain changes from 2001 to 2011. These will be discussed further in detail along with the composition of the ethnic groups in England and Wales in 2011.
Table 1 shows that in 2001 there was a lower ethnic population within England and Wales at 12.6%, compared to 19.5% in 2011. 2001 ethnic population was greatly dominated by Asian/Asian British and White ethnic groups at 4.8% and 3.8% respectively. The greatest ethnic subgroup Other White holds the percentage of 2.6, followed closely by Indian ethnic sub-group with 2%. Another major ethnic sub-group at 1.4%, Pakistani, is similarly a part of Asian/Asian-British ethnic group.
Other ethnic groups included in the ethnic population of England and Wales in 2001 were Black/African/Caribbean/Black British, Mixed/multiple ethnic groups and Other ethnic groups at 2.2%, 1.4% and 0.4% respectively. It is important to note that in 2001 Census, there was no comparable data for Arab and Gypsy or Irish traveller sub-groups and these were recorded at 0% due to lack of information. The ethnic sub-group with the lowest population was White and Black African mixed group at 0.2% in terms of recorded data.
2011 Census saw a considerable increase in the ethnic population in England and Wales from 2011, rising by 6.9% to 19.5%. The ethnic groups of White and Asian/Asian British once again dominated the composition at 5.4% and 7.5% respectively. In 2011, there was also a rise in all the ethnic sub-groups with the exception of Caribbean which remained constant throughout the years in question with 1.1% and White Irish which showed a decline from 1.2% to 0.9%. White British and Other White ethnic backgrounds remained the more dominant sub-groups throughout 2001 - 2011 jumping to 4.4%, with Indian following at 2.5% and Pakistani ethnic sub-groups at...