Title Five

Tool | What kind of information will each tool provide? | Under what conditions is this tool most applicable? |

Failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) | FMEA is methodology for analyzing potential reliability problems early in the development cycle where it is easier to take actions to overcome these issues, thereby enhancing reliability through design. FMEA is used to identify potential failure modes, determine their effect on the operation of the product, and identify actions to mitigate the failures. | FMEA help the engineer identify potential product or process failures.   If a new product breaks down then this will identify why it broke down or it will identify what is wrong with it before it breaks down. |
Flow chart | The information in a flow chart will have information on the process. | When you are starting a new project you can use this to outline the steps of that process. |
Cause‚Äďand-effect diagram | A diagram based technique that combines brainstorming with a type of mind map, it allows you to consider all causes of the problem opposed to just the ones that are obvious. | This tool will be most applicable if a problem occurs and you need to figure out why it occurred then you can do that by exploring all the ways it could have caused it. |
Check sheet | A structured prepared form that is used to collect and analyze data. | This tool will be most applicable when collecting data repeatedly by the same person or at the same location, from a production process, or collecting data on the frequency, patterns of events, problems, defects, defect location, and defect causes. |