Title “Evaluate the Extent to Which Freud’s Theory of Psychosexual Development Can Help Us to Understand a Client’s Presenting Issue?”

Essay Title “Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a client’s presenting issue?”
In this essay it is my aim to show my understanding of Freud’s psychosexual stages and if they are a valuable tool in helping to understand a client’s presenting issue and adult neurotic behaviour.  
I will discuss his theory of the effects that these unresolved conflicts and fixations, manifested during these stages, had on the “unconscious mind” and show my understanding of the defence mechanisms that Freud believed were a result of these conflicts and fixations in childhood.
I will also discuss some of the criticisms that have been levelled at Freud by his peers and the implications of his theories.

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was an Austrian psychiatrist who is regarded as not only one of the founders of modern psychology but also a key influence on western society in the twentieth century.
In his early days Freud trained in Paris with eminent psychiatrist, Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) who taught him the technique of Hypnosis. Freud began to use this technique on his patients, who he described as suffering from “Hysteria” but did not find it effective so he began to use another treatment technique called “free association”, he would encourage patients to say whatever came into the minds and this led him to surmise that it was generally a stream of strong emotions, childhood sexual experiences and deeply buried memories. He found that this technique was very helpful to patients and called it “the talking cure” (Ideas taken from The Open University Introduction to Counselling by John McLeod- Chapter 4, page 90/91.)
Freud felt that the early sexual experiences voiced by his patients were not real experiences but rather expressions of the child’s own sexual needs, his interpretation of “Sexual” was described by him as “LIBIDO”, from the Latin “Desire, the life force that fuels the energies of...