Theories on Leadership

Learning Outcomes 1- Understand theories of management and leadership and their application to health and social care settings.
Transactional Leadership material was published by Max Weber (1947) and Bernard Bass (1981). Weber’ material was not officially published until 27 years after his death. Transactional leadership comes from formal authority and responsibilities within the organization. The main goal of employees is to obey instructions given by the leader using transactional leadership, this is gained by motivating employees by rewarding them, motivating and directing followers is primarily done through their own self- interest.   Contingent rewards are rewards linked to goals for example using SMART goals (specific, measurable, attainable, realistic and timely). These are set up mutually between leader and employee. Other ways include Activate management where transactional leaders will monitor the work and look for deviations of the rules and standards the leaders will take corrective action to prevent mistakes. Whereas passive management will intervene only when standards are not met or when performance is not to expectation. transactional leadership does not solely work alone as it is harder to replace leaders and it does not always push leaders to their potential. Transactional leadership works well in manufacturing companies where targets and goals are set to be completed in a length of time. In my experience I use this type of theory a lot dealing with phone calls during office hours and emergency on call, from staff needing help and decisions on what to do when they become stuck. Also managing Live in team I come across staff that do need direction and close monitoring, we do this by completing a weekly call every week to discuss with the staff member in placement and service user how things are and any changes. If practices have not been met, then I investigate why. I feel this task and direction of working makes me use transactional...