Theories and Principles of Learning


Cornwall; the county in which we practice is without doubt more culturally diverse than ever before, for example the number of children in school who do not speak English as a first language increased by over 20% between 2007 and 2008 (School census 2007 and 2008).   It is agreed that education must offer equality and all students must feel they are positively and equally valued (Petty, 2009).  

The England And Wales Cricket Board, my subject specific governing body, quote a vision statement reading   “To become and remain the world’s leading governing body in providing access to the sport of cricket for people with disabilities. To deliver a culture of inclusion at all levels within our sport and ensure that people with any impairment are respected and valued for the contribution that they make to the game. (ECB 2009 – 1013)

This essay aims to identify areas effecting learners and their learning, incorporating a selection of theories and principles to enhance diversity and inclusion drawing from my own subject specific area and teaching. I will start on a theory with great significance in my coaching – sensory stimulation.

Sensory stimulation as a theory very much comes to the fore in my subject specific. The basic premise of this (Laird, 1985) is that effective learning occurs when the senses are stimulated and the vast majority of knowledge held by learners is through seeing. My planning incorporates a high degree of visual stimulation through tutor and peer demonstration (teaching Observation 1). With this approach I would also use extensive non verbal communication which will assist those learners less able to interpret the spoken word for example or simply the effect of noise in a sports hall; “The fidelity of the message which is communicated in the classroom is always affected in some measure by a variety of interfaces known as noise” (Curzon, 2004. pg 134).Clearly a large proportion of my practical...