The Self

The phrase “the self” often means more than this, however. In psychology it is often used for that set of attributes that a person attaches to himself or herself most firmly, the attributes that the person finds it difficult or impossible to imagine himself or herself without. The term “identity” is also used in this sense. Typically, one’s gender is a part of one’s self or one’s identity; one’s profession or nationality may or may not be. In philosophy, the self is the agent, the knower and the ultimate locus of personal identity. If the thought of future reward or punishments is to encourage or deter me from some course of action, I must be thinking of the person rewarded as me, as myself, as the same person who is now going to endure the hardship of righteousness or pass up the enjoyments of sin in favor of this ultimate reward.
There are several objectives that we have studied in this chapter which are:
i. To discuss main issue in the context of the self.
ii. To identify whether there is significant between Self Presentation, Self Knowledge, Thinking about Self, Self-esteem, Social Comparison and The Self as Target Prejudice.
We will also do a review on previous studies done to grasp a better understanding of every topic which we will discuss in this chapter. The studies that we will discuss relates to the society such as Facebook which fills a variety of functions, including presentation of self to “friends” (through photos and text profiles) and the ability to control communicative access. Instant messaging, which is also highly popular with the same cohort, affords similar opportunities for self-presentation and manipulating social contact through profiles, away messages, buddy lists, and blocking. We are also interested to highlight on the fact that advice for a happier life is found in so-called ‘self-help books’, which are widely sold in modern countries these days. These books popularize insights from psychological science...