The Lord of the Flies.

The Lord of the Flies wrote by William Golding, said that “This book is an attempt to trace the defects of society back to the defects of human nature.” Golding wrote this book as a response to the world war, “War is the symptom of human nature, and war did not break up human society but human nature that is the cause of violence.”
This novel is an allegorical novel as it shows the defect of society and human nature by using the central concern which is between Civilisation and savagery that existed between human beings; the instinct to live by rules, act peacefully, follow moral commands, and value the good of the group against the instinct to satisfy one’s immediate desires, act violently to obtain supremacy over others, and enforce one’s will. The losses of innocence as the period of time they stay on the island continue from ordinary school boys to savages. The presence of terror causes people to overreact and lose common sense, tearing away at the bonds that hold society together which is the fear of wondering whether or not they would be rescued and the “beast “in the forest. In an attempt to calm or soothe their worries, people end up separating, singling out others and letting their inner savage take over.

The story examines the behaviour of a group of boys after their plane crashes on an uninhabited island. At first the group has a great time, living with no rules or adults. Soon this “paradise island” turns into a living hell, revealing how humans can descend into barbarism in an atmosphere of chaos. He uses symbolic characters and objects, for example, the object, being the conch which gathers all boys scattered across the island for an assembly. The shell found on the island represents law and order; it grants the holder the right to speak in front of the group without interruption.
Piggy’s glasses are also a symbol used in the novel; it represents the power of science and intellectual status in society. They used his glasses to make fire focusing...