The Life and Theories of Carl Rogers

Carl Rogers revolutionized psychotherapy by developing the person-centered approach to treatment. Rogers believed that people are capable of solving their own problems when the right conditions for self discovery and growth are present. Therefore, the task of the counselor is merely to create a fertile therapeutic climate and allow the client to work out his or her own issues. Rogers also assigned much more value to the communication skills of the counselor and the quality of the counselor-therapist relationship than he did to the counselor's knowledge, training, or mode of therapy. He found that once the client discovers, possibly for the first time, that another person values him or her unconditionally and truly understands his or her feelings, the client's self-image will improve and personal growth will result

          Carl Rogers was a psychotherapist who developed the concept of client-centered psychotherapy. He was a great supporter of the scientific method and was one of the first to incorporate it into psychotherapy. His person-centered approach to psychotherapy entailed an unconditional acceptance between client and counselor. Rogers felt that the role of the counselor, instructor or any other individual who was responsible for the developing personal maturity in another, was to help that person become fully-functional.
          Carl Rogers was born on January 8, 1902, in Oak Park, Illinois, a Chicago suburb. He was raised with strong religious roots.   As a child he soared academically and had a passion for science and the scientific method. He received his B.A. from the University of Wisconsin in 1924, a M.A. from Columbia University in 1928, and his Ph.D. in psychotherapy from Columbia University in 1931. Before touring colleges to give lectures, Rogers taught at a number of universities.   During this time he authored over a hundred publications explaining his theory of personality development and received various awards and recognitions...