The Decline and Fall of the Romanov Dynasty

The Decline and Fall of the Romanov Dynasty by Myron Stewart
What were the problems with Nicholas II and other previous Tsar’s firm autocratic rule and the October Manifesto?
Nicholas Romanov II, whose official title was Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russians, he was the last of the Romanovs and the last Tsar of the Russian Empire. An autocracy is the “government in which one person has uncontrolled or unlimited authority over others; the government or power of an absolute monarch.”He was a strong believer in the autocratic system of ruling and would not accept any other form of government. His father Alexander III was a strong believer in a firm autocratic rule and thus influenced Nicholas II to follow in his father’s footsteps. When Nicholas II succeeded to his father’s throne in 1894 his manifesto contained similar sentiments to his father’s, which Nicholas II included the famous sentence: “I shall adhere as unswervingly as my father to the principle of autocracy.” The autocratic ruling system was soon becoming obsolete and inefficient especially at the turn of the century as Russia was falling behind other European countries in the more modern era of the 1900s.
In the late 1800s and the early 1900s, in many parts of Europe, some of the non-Russian peoples of the Russian Empire were becoming more conscious of their national traditions and their heritage. The Tsars of the time had two fundamental choices that they could make to react to the sense of growing national consciousness which consists of the Tsars recognizing and giving to each developed nationality some form of autonomous structure or they could try to control and suppress manifestations of national culture and consciousness wherever they occurred.
The Tsars after 1881 took the latter course. Historians have argued that this reaction to the growing national dissent was crude and the downfall of the Tsars in a modern age. Where there was any talk of greater autonomy, the Tsar...