The Concert of Europe

How effective was the concert of Europe in peace keeping during the period 1815-54?


The Concert of Europe was an essential spirit that the powers (mainly Austria, Russia, Britain, France and Prussia) worked together in harmony; therefore, the historians portrayed them as a group of musicians of a concert. The concert of Europe was carried out in order to ensure the Vienna settlement could be lasting after the fall of Napoleon and French Revolution. The effectiveness in peace keeping, which means there are no wars (neither general, nor regional) and revolutions, during the period 1815-54 was very limited, because they failed to fulfil the spirit and maintain the peace.


Legitimacy was one of the principles in the concert. It was a restoration of legitimacy rulers to thrones. It had been thought that peace could be maintained only by the restoration of old order, but the consequences brought by it cannot support this thought. The restoration of the despots only aroused resentment among peoples and sparked revolutions, because the right of the people was exploited. Boubons were restored in France, Spain and the kingdom of the Two Sicilies, but Charles X was overthrown by the 1830 July Revolution, Spanish and Naples Revolutions broke out. The German princes were restored to the German states, but their absolute rule sparked revolts in 1830 and were once overthrown. The House of Hapsburgs were restored in the central Italian states and the Pope was restored to the Papal States, but revolts also broke out tried to overthrow them. The restoration of legitimacy rulers brought back the old evils of absolute monarchy; therefore, the revolutions were inevitable so that people could grant a liberal constitution. So, the concert cannot maintain peace since they failed to prevent the revolutions by applying the principle of legitimacy.


In order to maintain peace in Europe, security against France was needed. The statesmen made great efforts to prevent...