The Affects of Aerobic and Anaerobic Training

The Adaptive Effects of Aerobic and Anaerobic Training on Members of a Football Team


As part of a college project this experiment was designed to investigate physiological adaptations to specific types of training.   Specifically, the cardiovascular, respiratory and neuromuscular adaptation to a programme of either aerobic or anaerobic training.   It has been specifically designed to ascertain whether or not short periods of either aerobic or anaerobic training has any significant effect on physical factors that might improve fitness and performance. This was designed to use relatively simple equipment such as that available to small local teams and coaches.   There is already a great deal of previous research and literature around regarding the adaptations that take place, but to replicate them usually requires laboratory conditions, expensive equipment to measure the adaptations and often a large number of subjects.   Also much research is done over many months or even years, time that is not available for the current project.   It is also designed so that ongoing research can take place and the findings be used by the coaches of small teams to target specific needs of team members.

Literature Review

A great deal of literature has been reviewed on the cardiovascular, respiratory, neuromuscular adaptations to endurance and strength training.   Reversibility training was also researched as well as the functions of the systems.   The training requirement of different sports was also researched, in particular football.   All sports, games in particular, make demands on anaerobic pathways and muscular strength as well as on oxygen transport mechanisms. In football whilst aerobic metabolism provides the main energy sources, other aspects of performance may depend on anaerobic efforts (Bangsbo 1994).   Different types of training are needed either for individuals or the whole team.   A training programme should be balanced to address needs at specific...