Before going in-depth I would like to elaborate what is Terrorism?
Terrorism is not new, and even though it has been used since the beginning of recorded history can be relatively hard to define. Terrorism has been described variously as both a tactic and strategy; a crime and a holy duty; a justified reaction to oppression and an inexcusable abomination. Obviously, a lot depends on whose point of view is being represented. Terrorism has often been an effective tactic for the weaker side in a conflict. As an asymmetric form of conflict, it confers coercive power with many of the advantages of military force at a fraction ofthe cost. Due to the secretive nature and small size of terrorist organizations, they often offeropponents no clear organization to defend against or to deter.
That is why preemption is being considered to be so important. In some cases, terrorism hasbeen a means to carry on a conflict without the adversary realizing the nature of the threat,mistaking terrorism for criminal activity. Because of these characteristics, terrorism has becomeincreasingly common among those pursuing extreme goals throughout the world. But despite itspopularity, terrorism can be a nebulous concept.
The United States Department of Defense defines terrorism as “the calculated use of unlawfulviolence or threat of unlawful violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidategovernments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, orideological.” Within this definition, there are three key elements—violence, fear, and intimidation—and each element produces terror in its victims. The FBI uses this: "Terrorism is the unlawfuluse of force and violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, thecivilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives." TheU.S. Department of State defines "terrorism" to be "premeditated politically-motivated violenceperpetrated against...