Technology and Communication Paper

Theories that are used to develop crime watch programs are many, however, the most use is the rational choice theory, and this has many similarities from the classical criminology theory. Therefore, in a classical criminology theory, an individual must be conscious of the crime, and must decide if the value is worth the risk of committing the crime in its self, and worth the risk of being punished for the crime (Schmalleger.2006).
Rational choice theory, demonstrates that the criminal agrees and adapts to the portion of the crime that they commit. Another word, if there is no value in committing the crime then crime will then be reduced, or if the cost of the crime is raised, then the value is lowered.
With this, there are two theories that have formed the bases; one is the routine activities theory, and the situational choice theory. The theory on routine activity, is based on victimization, as for situational theory, is based on deviant behavior as the choice and determines within the boundaries of choice and situation’s, such as lifestyle and activities.
As in one case, a guardian was used to help stop the individual from being an offender. By doing this, the guardian stopped or hindered the individual, by being mistreated. It furthers the individual from becoming a criminal by placing them in a condition of not being mistreated, and provides them with possessions and purpose in life.
As in the case, of a situational choice theory, you lower or alter the surroundings in order to reduce the unlawful endeavors of the individual.   By doing this, you have restricted the actions of the offender, by reducing the circumstances, and prospects, and purpose of committing a criminal act. A situational choice theory state, crime is just not merely a substance of inspiration; it is also a substance of chance (Schmalleger, 2006). An individual that commits a crime, does it to advance and not just for inspiration.
The neighborhood guard design, supports these...