Teaching in Different Ways

Audio-lingual method, Army Method, or New Key.

      Is a style of teaching used in teaching foreign languages. It is based on behaviorist theory, also called the learning perspective (where any physical action is a behavior) which professes that certain traits of living things, and in this case humans, could be trained through a system of reinforcement.

Advantages of implementing this method.

      the audio-lingual method advise that students are taught a language directly, without using the students' native language to explain new words or grammar in the target language.

      the teacher drill the students in the use of grammar.

      instructor presents the correct model of a sentence and the students have to repeat it. The teacher then continue by presenting new words for the students to sample in the same structure.

      everything is simply memorized in form. The idea is for the students to practice the particular construct until they can use it spontaneously. In this manner, the lessons are built on static drills in which the students have little or no control on their own output.

Disadvantages of implementing this method.

      limitations of structural linguistics. The relevance of behaviorist psychology to language learning. Explicit grammatical instruction in the mother language is showed to be more productive. The emergence of humanist pedagogy led to a rapid decline in the popularity of audiolingualism.
      Audio-lingual methods are less effective than a more traditional cognitive approach involving the learner's first language.

      Audio-lingual methodology seems to banish all forms of language processing that help students sort out new language information in their own minds.

Impact that this method has in the students learning.

      lessons in the classroom focus on the correct imitation of the teacher by the students. Not only are the students expected to produce the correct output, but attention is also...