Tda 2.1

TDA 2.1: Child and young person development
      1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, to include
  * Physical development
  * Communication and intellectual development
  * Social, emotional and behavioural development

Physical Development

0-3 Years

New born babies have very little control over their bodies.   As they grow they will develop a series of movements and actions these are otherwise known as gross motor skills, for example, crawling, sitting, grabbing and walking
A 2 year old child should have more control and ability to be able to control their movements.   A 3 year old child should start to develop some of their fine motor skills such as painting, trying to draw and write and also playing with building blocks.   They should also be able to feed themselves to a certain degree, but not necessarily using cutlery at all times.

4-7 Years

At this age children should be able to use their skills a lot more and have more control over them.   They should be able to write and draw.

8-12 Years

Children at this age should start to take an interest in things for example, sports, dance and music.   Children will continue to develop at this age and some girls will start showing signs of puberty from around 10 years old onwards.   Puberty in boys tends to start later.

13-16 Years

Most boys will start to go through puberty at this age.   Many girls will be coming to the end of puberty and start to have regular periods.   Boys and girls will vary in size and height no two children will be the same.

17-19 Years

Young people at this age are now considered as an adult.   Some girls will now be physically matures, while boys are still maturing into their 20’s.

Communication and Intellectual Development

0-3 Years

Babies will start to listen to different voices and sounds around them, they will enjoy having songs sang to them and having games played with them.   Some...