Tda 2.1

TDA 2.1: Child and young person development

  1. Know the main stages of child and young person’s development.
      2.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young peoples development from birth to 19 years to include: physical development, communication and intellectual development, social emotional and behavioural development.
Physical development
0-3           New born babies movement depends on their reflexes, they only have certain control over their bodies. As they start to get older they develop more movements and actions such as crawling, sitting up, holding things, running, rolling over and walking. In their second year children start to have better balance when standing, in their third year children will develop better skills such as painting, colouring, and more. They will enjoy looking at the pictures in a book and trying and guessing the story by the picture. They should also be able to drink out of a cup and feed themselves.
3-7               At this stage children will be more confident and have more control over things that they would like to do, they will learn how to write, read and spell.
7-12           Children will start to enjoy different activities such as sports, dance, drama and singing. Children will continue to develop and refine many of their skills. Girls may start to show signs of early puberty from 10-12. Boys will usually show signs when they get older 13/14years of age.
12-16       The boys will start going through puberty and many of the girls will be ending their puberty having regular periods as a result of different stages of puberty. Boys and girls will begin to grow taller. At this stage most girls are taller than boys and the young people will be growing stronger
16-19         Young people are considered as adults. Many girls will be physically matured at this stage as most of the boys will still be maturing and their puberty will be ending.
Communication and intellectual development.
A child’s...