Support Children and Young People’s Health and Safety

LO: 1. Know the main stages of child and young person development.

1.1: Describe the expected pattern of children and young people's development from birth to 19 years, to include: physical development, communication and intellectual development social, emotional and behavioural development.

0-3 years:
Some babies respond to sound and family voices
Babies also make eye contact e.g. Baby usually makes eye contact with their family member
All babies cry to indicate need e.g. they might be hungry or they need their dirty nappy
3-7 years:
The child begins to use plurals, pronouns, adjectives, possessives, time word, tenses and sentences
Child loves to chat and ask questions e.g. what, where, and who
Child enjoys much more complicated stories and asks his and for her favorite ones over and over again
The child should be able to read simple stories and answer a question`s about their stories
Use sound/letters links to read and spell unknown words
7-12 years:
Tends to find fault; has strong emotional reactions
Understands the difference between right and wrong
Follows the rules
Knowledgeable at sharing
Being confident
Able to control the emotions can hide the true feeling from someone, growing sensitivity and realise other feelings too
12-16 years:
Experiencing teenage years (puberty)
Understand the needs and opinions of others
Have a best-friends and more personality  
Needs to make up their mind and changing into adulthood
Wants to spend more time with their friends and less time with their family
Peer pressure is an important influence for a teenager
Friendship is important to teenagers e.g. they might to go out with their friends and have fun
Pushes at the boundaries
Personality has developed
Hormones are at the higher level as the bodies are still changing

Physical Development:
0-3 years:
-The baby lies on his or her back (supine)
- Baby hands are usually tightly closed