Suicide is a serious psychological disorder that people need to be aware of. People need to be educated about suicide because just something as simple as talking to the person can help them make the choice to live.
Suicide can be prevented in many ways. Cognitive psychotherapy has been known to reduce suicide attempts by 50%. Cognitive therapy helps people consider alternative actions when they think of harming themselves. Another kind of psychotherapy, dialectical behavior therapy, can help suicide attempters with a borderline personality disorder. Medicines are also being developed to aid with the prevention of suicide. Right now only one drug, clozapine, has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration but many more are also being tested. Suicide prevention in schools also helps, there are many programs already that talk to students specifically about how to talk to friends who might be suicidal or how to help themselves if they are suicidal. The United States has also set up a suicide hotline for anyone to call that needs help. Although all these ways can help someone, just talking to them could be the difference.
How do you know if someone is considering suicide? There are many symptoms that can, if caught, help to prevent suicide. If someone is considering suicide they may talk about dying, have a change in personality, change in behavior, change in sleeping patterns, low self-esteem, or lack of hope for the future. They might withdraw from being with friends or family, abuse drugs or alcohol, or become suddenly cheerful after a period of depression.
Suicide not only hurts the subject but his/her family and friends. Suicide is serious and preventable. Simple things can help people stay alive.