Stem Cell

Genetics, Stem Cell Research

Throughout time cultures from all over the world have studied medicine more specifically biology. With understanding biology the study of life and all living organisms, society can protect each other from the common cold to cancer. Within the study of biology there are some more important sub categories like the study of genetics. Genetics is the study of genes, heredity, and genetic variation of living organisms. With genetics scientist and doctors can understand the human genome. In 1990 the largest collaboration of scientist from around the world gathered to complete the Human Genome Project. As of 2003 the project, in which the scientist mapped out all the genes in the human genome was complete. With a greater knowledge of the specifics of the human body, scientist started to research stem cells.
Stem cells are undifferentiated cells of a multicellular organism that is capable of giving growth to indefinitely more cells of the same type, and from which certain other kinds of cell arise by variation. What this means is that certain cells have the potential to develop into many different cell types in the body. These Stem cells can do two important things: either remain a stem cell or become a specialized cell such as a brain cell or a red blood cell. The potential for curing any form of disease is limitless however, with great reward comes great risk, or great sacrifice.
The process involved in retrieving stem cells is a very controversial in nature. It begins with an embryo which is a multicellular diploid eukaryote in its earliest stage. When a sperm fertilizes an egg cell it forms a zygote and a zygote is possess half the DNA from each of its parents. After this the zygote begins mitosis and the end result is a human embryo. Between the conception of the human embryo and eight weeks is the time frame that concerns stem cell research.
To derive the cells needed for research the scientists must destroy the human embryo to...