Statins Versus Portfolio Diet

Slide 2 – Aim
To carry out a literature review comparing the effect of diet and statins as interventions when lowering cholesterol.
To develop an understanding of:-
Statin Therapy
Portfolio diet
To conclude which is more effective in lowering cholesterol.

Slide 3 – Introduction High blood cholesterol is one of the major risk factors of heart disease. Risk factors increase the chances of getting a disease. In fact, the higher the blood cholesterol level the greater the risk of having a heart attack or stroke.
Whilst on various placements, I have observed a high proportion of patients on statin medication. I have researched the alternatives available to patients who require hypercholesterolemia interventions.

Slide 4 Cholesterol
Cholesterol is a substance found in all human and animal cells and is the basic component of the cell wall. 
Cholesterol is carried in the blood by proteins, when the two combine they are called lipoproteins. There are harmful and protective lipoproteins known as LDL (bad cholesterol) and HDL (good cholesterol).
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL): LDL carries cholesterol from the liver to the cells. Too much cholesterol for the cells to use, can build up in the artery walls, eventually, these deposits make it difficult for enough blood to flow through the arteries. The heart may not get as much oxygen-rich blood as it needs, which increases the risk of a heart attack and decreased blood flow to the brain can cause a stroke.
High-density lipoprotein (HDL): HDL carries cholesterol away from the cells and back to the liver, where it is broken down or passed out of the body as a waste product, higher levels are better.
The amount of cholesterol in the blood (both LDL and HDL) can be measured with a blood test. The recommended cholesterol levels in the blood vary between healthy adults and those at higher risk (NHS Choices 2011). 

Slide 5 Contributing factors
People with hypertension and diabetes...