Space Exploration

Space Exploration

Definition of Space: The term space is used to denote the entire universe – The Earth and its atmosphere, the Moon, the Sun and the rest of the Solar System with its other planets and their satellites including all the stars and galaxies spread over the infinite skies. Out spaces refer to the entire space except the Earth and its atmosphere. The outer space begins where the Earth atmosphere ends.

Craze for Space Exploration: Space Exploration began with a launching of Russia’s Sputnik-I into the space on October 4, 1957. The U.S.A entered the space arena on January 31, 1958 with the launching of Explorer-I. History was created on July 21, 1969 when America’s mission to the Moon landed successfully ‘Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin’ on the Moon’s surface from Appollo-II with their four legged Lunar Produce.

Space Exploration Agencies in India: The Indian space programme was launched in 1962 when the Indian National Committee for the space was formed. The primary goal of the programme was the self-reliant use of space technology for national development. The main thrusts of the programme are –
(i)   Satellite based communications for various applications,
(ii)   Satellite based resources, survey and management, environmental monitoring
        and meteorological applications and
(iii)   Development and operationalisation of satellite, launched vehicles and
      associated ground segment foe providing these space based services.
      ‘The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in 1969 and the
      Space Commission and Development of Space in 1972 were added to
      this programme.

ISRO’s Role in Space Research: Now ISRO is responsible for the planning, execution and management of space research activities and space application programmes. The ISRO has its head-quarter in Bangalore. It provides rockets and laboratory facilities to scientists.

ISRO’s Major Establishment: The major establishments of ISRO are: