Some American History

Narciso Retana III 12/15/2009
Final Draft Social studies essay
Articles of Confederation-The Second Continental Congress told a committee to make a new plan for government. After the two groups debated the plan was adopted by congress in 1777. The plans name was called the Articles of Confederation. The articles provided for a new central government under which the states gave up a little bit of their power. While under the articles the states retained its sovereignty, freedom, and independence. The government could conduct foreign affairs, maintain armed forces, borrow money, and issue currency. The government still could not regulate trade, force citizens to join the army, or impose taxes. If the government needed troops or money they had to consult with the states legislature and ask the states before taking anything. The states did not have to contribute anything. Each state only had one vote and just like an amendment it to had to be approved. Maryland did not want to approve the Articles because of some land issues including New York, Virginia, and a few other states. After all the states settled their issues all thirteen states approved of the Articles. On March1, 1781 the confederation formally became the government of the U.S. The articles of confederation did not provide a government strong enough to handle the problems lying ahead. Congress had limited authority and could not pass a law unless nine states voted in favor of it. If they wanted to change the articles, congress had to consult with the states and all thirteen states had to approve. This made it hard for congress to change anything. Even though the system was weak they still accomplished many important things.
Philadelphia convention-Some leaders that disagreed on different issues on government demanded for a reform of the Articles of Confederation. James Madison, a Virginia planter, and Alexander Hamilton, a New York lawyer, were two Americans that wanted change. On...