Socian Care

2)   How the body moves:   Most of us move without thinking about how we are doing it. The process is almost instantaneous and yet it relies on a complex set of feed-forward and feed-back mechanisms built into our brain, spinal cord, nerves and muscles.

Type of joint | Body part | Movements |
Hinge | Elbow | Flexion/Extension |
Pivot | 1st two cervical vertebra | Rotation |
Ball and Socket | Hip | Rotation, Flextion/Extention, Adduct/Abduct |
Saddle | Hand | Back/Forward, Up/Down |
Condyloid | Ends of finger bones | Angular motion |
Gliding | Carpals in the wrist | Back/Front |

4) Arthritis: can be a problem especially when there is active inflammation. Because of the nature of RA some people have difficulty walking even short distances one week but can walk much further the next week.Those with bad rheumatoid arthritis find it particularly hard to get up in the morning, stand for any length of time, get out of chairs, kneel on the floor and find it difficult to get in and out of the bath
    Stroke:   Loss of muscle control, Weak muscles,   Ataxia, Increased muscle tone(stiffness )or low muscle tone (floppy), Dyspraxia
    Celebral palsy: 1 in 3 children with cerebral palsy will be unable to walk. At greatest risk are those who have spastic quadriplegia, intellectual disability, epilepsy, vision impairment and an inability to sit independently at 2 years of age
    Parkinson's disease: People with mild or newly diagnosed PD often do not have obvious muscle weakness or poor balance. Nevertheless, the literature suggests that muscle weakness, secondary to abnormal muscle activation associated with bradykinesia and rigidity, can be present at all stages of PD. Similarly, balance and mobility problems may be present in people with mild PD but only become apparent when more-complex coordination is required under challenging conditions
Amputation:   An amputation can severely affect a patient’s balance because their center of gravity will...