Social Isolation

Harry Harlow
Total Social Isolation
A review of his work on maternal separation,
and social isolation experiments on monkeys.

Joan Weeks
Socialology 144
Professor McIntosh
October 13, 2010

Social Isolation 2

In the 1960s, Harry Harlow expressed interest in the experimentation of love and the attachment between child and mother. Harry Harlow conducted a series of experiments using rhesus monkeys to explore the importance of the comfort bonds and emotional connections formed between mother and infant. This literature review examines the emotional affects that can occur when the comfort bond between mother and child are absent. Harry Harlow an American psychologist born October 31, 1905. Harlow grew up in Fairfield, Iowa. He was born as Harry Israel, only after receiving his PHD, did he change his name to Harry Harlow. He was married twice with 2 children from each marriage.
He received numerous awards including the Howard Crosby Warren Medal in 1956. The national medal of science in 1967 and the gold medal from the American psychological foundation in 1973. (Public broadcasting services (1995 -2011) people and discoveries)
. Harry worked with Abraham Maslow at Wisconsin regional primate lab. Harlow was intrigued by love. In 1957 Harlow worked with rhesus monkeys, which are more mature at birth than humans are, but like human babies need to be nursed.
Harlow’s studied the effects on rhesus monkeys by separating new boron’s from their mothers just hours after birth and monitored their behaviors from three, six and twelve months of age.   Harlow measured and compared the effects of total Social isolation to that of partial isolation on that of equal aged monkeys raised in individual chambers. His experiments were designed to test the importance of the variables of contact comfort and nursing comfort.

Surrogate mothers where designed and constructed, one made from a block of wood, covered with sponge rubber, and cotton terry cloth, and a...