Public smoking has been highly emotive issue in the recent past, with intense debate of whether it should be made completely illegal or not. Public concern about smoking in public has been necessitated by the increased reports from researchers that secondhand smoking equally kills in almost equal measure, and to some, even more dangerous than mainstream smoking (Schick and Glantz 398). Various studies indicate that secondhand smoking increases the risk of coronary heart disease among other diseases by between 25 to 30 percent (Schick and Glantz 398; WHO 121). The same is also associated with the financial strain occasioned by healthcare costs and breakdown in social and family cohesion.

Secondhand smoking has health, economic and social impact on the population who are inevitably innocent. On the health perspective, inhaling carcinogen and other smoke related elements from both mainstream and side-stream smokers can be detrimental to the victims. With sufficient evidence that smoke causes numerous complications ranging from cardiovascular and respiratory, the most affected group are children and pregnant mothers (WHO 124). On the economic front, smoking related diseases cause massive strain on the cost of health service provision, a case in point being that of cancer treatment. With increase dangers, families exposed to smokes find it difficult to cope with the negative impact once a member is taken ill with diseases such as lung cancer (WHO 124). Smoking in the public has three negative effects, namely: health, economic, and social to the affected parties, who may be ignorant of the source and even the magnitude of the impact.


First preposition

Center for Disease Control and Prevention report (cited in WHO 143) indicates that smoking is preventable, yet it still leads the way in terms of the number of deaths it causes. It is also indicated that smokers have less life expectancy by about 14 years, because they are prone to cancer, heart and...