Smoking in Adults

Smoking in Adults
This essay will consider what has been, and what can be, done to address cessation of smoking in our society. Firstly, figures showing how many people smoke in the UK will be a briefly outline as well as health issues related to smoking. A detailed explanation of why the uptake, continuation and cessation of smoking is so divergent in different areas of the county and what influences these differences will be conducted. The government and local authorities have implemented many policies to assist the smoker in giving up the habit and these will be discussed and evaluated whilst concurrently being compared to the results of a carefully selected level 1 systemic review. Finally, when all of the above information has been analysed government and local authorities future plans to address the cessation of smoking will be included and a conclusion of all the above will be drawn. The information for this essay was gathered by using a search strategy to ensure only valid and reliable material was used (see appendix 1 for search strategy).

In England in 2005, 26% of men and 22% of women in the adult population smoked. This number has been steadily falling in recent years, with those 50-59 years showing the most prominent reduction from 44% in 1980 to 24% in 2005 (National statistics 2007). The number of adults that have never taken up this habit is also increasing to 53% in 2005 compared to 43% in 1982 (National statistics 2007). 72% of adults currently smoke in Great Britain In 2006 said they wanted to give up smoking due to their health and 78% of them have already tried (National Statistics 2007). The number of smokers may be falling but diagnosed premature illness and death believed to be caused by the habit has been rising in recent years.

“Smoking is the principal avoidable cause of premature
deaths in the UK. Smoking kills over 120,000 people in
  the UK every a year- more than 13 people and hour. Every hour, every day“(Smoking Kills- a...