Simiens Mountains National Park

This paper is assessing the ecological property for the Simien Mountains National Park in Ethiopia. They have an ecological uniqueness of plants and animal life there. This paper describes the diversity of life forms that are found in that area and the biological interrelationships among those life forms there. There are human intrusions that threaten the Simien Mountains National Park but there is some protection that exists to safeguard and preserve that area. There have been efforts made to further preserve that area. In this paper will be suggestions of things that people can do to preserve the diversity of that area and what could happen if these human intrusions went unchecked.
Simien Mountains National Park was one of the first sites to be noticed on the World Heritage List back in 1978. Simien National Park had huge erosion on the Ethiopian plateau. This erosion has created a beautiful landscape. It has deep valleys, jagged mountain peaks, and precipices sheer for nearly 1,500 meters. They have very rare gelada baboon, Ethiopian wolfs, and a Walia ibex which is a goat that is only found in Ethiopia. This spectacular landscape has become threatened by human intrusions. There has been a large decline in the amount of Walia ibex there. This is due to grazing, human settlement, road construction, and agriculture. There is about five hundred Walia ibex now but the Ethiopian wolfs are very rare.
There are around 21 mammals that have been recorded at Simien Mountains National park. This includes the seven that are endemic species. The park had been reduced to nearly 250 animals before designation back in 1968, and another 50 that was not in the park but revived between 1985 and 1991 (Copeland, 2006). After 1982 this number became far less down to an estimated 400 animals by 1989 and even down to 200 in 1996 due to poaching that drove the animals far east. This number eventually increased once again in 2005 after two reserves incorporated and there were nearly...