Scs Policy Paper

Mercano, Jacqueline
Rodriguez, Paulina
Sison, Wilhenny

Maritime Security and The South China Sea
Policy Paper

The disputes over the South China Sea have become more and more conflicted each day, and up to present, there are still no possible solutions for this issue. The claimants namely China, the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia and Brunei are assertively exercising their rights over the territory, but no one has fully proven their sovereignty to the said territory yet. Therefore, this paper seeks to unravel the options that the countries can take to solve the disputes over the South China Sea. Also, this paper gives an overview to the possible solutions for the Philippines over the territory.  
The claimants of the South China Sea have their own interests over the territory, and each of them has different goals for claiming the territory. Among all the claimants of the South China Sea, China is the most aggressive one, because they are the most powerful among them all. China is doing all they can to own the territory, whether through bilateral or multilateral negotiations, also, they are already acting like the territory is theirs. As a result, the other claimants appeared incapable and weak in claiming the territory, but they still don't want to surrender the territory. Hence, this issue remains unresolved.
The first possible solution that the claimants can take is the division of South China Sea. It is very clear that the claimants are declaring their rights over the territory because of the same reason- it is part of their EEZ or Exclusive Economic Zone, which states that a country can have all the territory within the 200 nautical miles of its coast. Thus, the South China Sea became an overlapping territory between the claimants. The division of South China Sea can be a solution for them, wherein they can debate and agree on the possible division of the territory that will be fair for all the claimants. The 200 nautical miles can no...