Scientific Thinking

Scientific Thinking Method

“Science.   It is almost a second language as well as a method of inquiry” (Goldmaster & Kirby, 2007). Science connects with the world in many ways such as medicine, psychology, and physics.   Science is at the forefront of discoveries that helps us continue to explore new areas and cures for diseases and illnesses in today’s world. We will review the nature of science, the scientific method and its steps, various assumptions, experiments, research, and proof of   these discoveries or problems.  
“The four major steps in the scientific method involve inductive thinking are: 1. Observation   2. Hypothesis formulation   3. Experimentation   4. Verification.     Observation is the first step of the scientific method that involves us to explore the cause and effects of what we observe”(Goldmaster and Kirby,2007).
Goldmaster and Kirby (2007) stated “Observations lead us to wonder about causes and effects of what we observe, about its character and constitution, and how we might intervene to create desirable change” (Chapter 10).   The next step is hypothesis stated by Goldmaster and Kirby as a tentative statement about the relationship between two variables, usually in the form of a predication:   “If A, then B.”   Experimentation the third step, involves testing the hypothesis through several methods.   Finally, verification is the data to support or deny the hypothesis.  
Other ways of knowing that are a branch of the scientific method is philosophy and appeal to authority.   Observation is the common denominator between philosophy and science.   Philosophers will look deeper into the reasons for solutions of problems outside of observation.   The domain of the science is   the   world of observation, also known as the empirical world (Goldmaster & Kirby, 2007).   According to the Oxford English Dictionary (n.d.) empirical is...