Scientific Taxonomy and Earth's Biodiversity

Scientific Taxonomy and Earth’s Biodiversity

Iris Lindor

SCI 230 Week 7

This paper will describe eight species all in four different animal classifications: Mammals, Insects, Birds, and Echinoderms. All animals in each of these classification share common characteristics that place them in their classifications. Even though they may share the same classification they may not be in the same order. It’s the differences in these animals that place them in a different order in the same classification.
In the Mammal classification there are about 5000 species placed in 26 orders. I have chosen to use the Bolivian Chinchilla Rat and the Impala. These two animals share three characteristics that place them under the classification of Mammal. They have 3 middle ear bones, hair and they have mammary glands. The Bolivian Chinchilla Rat and the Impala are very different in some very obvious ways. Their live spans are very different the Bolivian Chinchilla Rat has a live span of about 2 years, where the life span of an Impala is about 15 years. Their sizes are very different as well the Bolivian Chinchilla Rat weigh varies from about 225 grams (males) to about 300 grams (females). The average weight of the Impala is around 115.5 lb but can range from anywhere between 99lbs to 132lbs.   The times of the year when these two animals mate is also very different, the Impalas will mate once a year during the months of March and May and will only produce one offspring. The Bolivian Chinchilla rat will mate in the months of January and February and can produce one or two offspring. These two animals fall under the same classification but not in the same orders. The Bolivian Chinchilla Rat falls under the order of Rodentia, they are placed in this order because [they have a single pair of incisors in each jaw and the incisors grow continually throughout their life. Rodents gnaw with their incisors by pushing the lower jaw forward and chew with the molars by pulling the...