Schools as Organisations

Unit 3.2 – School as Organisations
LO 1-   Know the structure of education from early years to post-compulsory education
1.1 As part of the Every Child Matters (ECM) agenda and the Childcare Act 2006 it became an entitlement of all children aged three to four year old in England to receive a free part-time early years education of up to 15 hours per week for 38 weeks a year. The local authorities receive funds from the government which ensures every child receives up to two years of free education before reaching the school age. Parents do not pay have to pay for the funded 15 hours, however if they attend a setting for longer than this they are required to pay for the extra provision.
In English schools the Foundation Curriculum runs from ages three to five, therefore it is used in Reception classes and nurseries. “The Early Years Foundation Stage, which was revised in England in September 2012, sets out one standard framework for learning, development and care for all children from birth to the end of Reception year.” (Burnham:2010 p19) The EYFS structure is different to the rest of the school, their education is taught based on the concept of learning through play rather than formal education. Play has been shown to be an important vehicle for children’s early learning and therefore nurseries around the country plan to the children’s interests to further excel their early stages of learning.
Different types of schools
1.2 In England all children aged 5 to 16 are entitled to free education at a state school. The national curriculum is followed by most state schools. The most common state schools are; community schools, foundation schools, academies and grammar schools.
Community Schools
Community schools are state funded schools that are ran solely by the Local Education Authority (LEA) and are not influenced by business or religious groups. Although the school’s governing body is responsible for the running of the school, the staff and the building/land...