Schools as Organisations

In the UK education is provided by both the state and private sector.

State or private education?

All children aged 5-16 are entitled to a free place at a state school. Most families take up this place. A few – around 6.5% - choose to pay for a place at an independent (also called a private, or – confusingly – public) school. Parents pay fees towards the cost of running an independent school.

What is a State School?
A government funded school or state school has no fees, no entrance exam and they follow the national curriculum as well as being regulated by OFSTED.

How are state schools managed?
There are four main types of state schools funded by local authorities. They all follow the National Curriculum and are inspected by Ofsted (the government’s Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Services and Skills).
They are:
Community schools - Community schools are run by the local authority, which employs school staff, owns the land and buildings, and decides and sets the entrance criteria (such as catchment area) that decide which children are eligible for a place. Community schools look to develop strong links in the community sometimes by offering the use of their facilities and providing services like childcare and adult learning classes.
Foundation and Trust schools - Foundation schools are run by a governing body which employs the staff and sets the entrance criteria. Land and buildings are owned either by the governing body or by a charitable foundation. Trust schools are similar, but are run together with an outside body – usually a business or charity – which has formed an educational trust.
Voluntary-aided schools - Voluntary-aided schools are religious or faith schools. Just like foundation schools, the governing body employs the staff and sets the entrance criteria. School buildings and land are usually owned by a charity, often a church. The governing body helps towards the building and maintenance.