School of Thought

University of Phoenix Material
Schools of Thought Worksheet
Write brief descriptions for each of the terms in the table below. If you use an outside source to define them, include an APA citation for the source.

General Terms
Ecology A science that deals with the relationships between groups of living things and their environments. It is concerned with the life histories, distribution, and behavior of individual species as well as the structure and function of natural systems at the level of populations, communities, and ecosystems.
Environmental justice Investigates the social distribution of environmental benefits and burdens. A recognition that access to a clean, healthy environmental is a fundamental right of all human beings.
Environmental science The systematic, scientific study of our environment as well as our role in it.
Ethics Environmental ethics must address questions of social justice as well as individual rights and duties.
Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) An organism or microorganism whose genetic material has been altered by means of genetic engineering.
Renewable energy Resources normally replaced or replenished by natural processes; resources not depleted by moderate use; examples include solar energy, biological resources such as forests and fisheries, biological organisms, and some biogeochemical cycles.
Sustainability The quality of not being harmful to the environment or depleting natural resources, and thereby supporting long-term ecological balance.
Schools of Thought
Anthropocentrism A theory that only human beings have moral values.   Although we may be said to have responsibilities regarding the natural world, we do not have direct responsibilities to the natural world.
Biocentrism The view that all living things deserve moral standing.
Ecocentrism The view that shifts away from traditional environmental concerns to a more holistic and ecological focus.
Ecophilosophy The study of the interrelationship between an...