Sayyid Qutb

NAME: ADAM KHAMIS

PAPER: QUR’AN AND HADITH

TOPIC: MAIN FEATURES OF SAYYID QUTB’S WRITINGS

LECTURER: DR ALI HAMID

YEAR: 2ND   YEAR

INTRODUCTION:
Sayyid Qutb seems to be a controversial figure in the eyes of many factions due to his uncompromising tendencies to the sacred text, in his three main ideas Jahiliyyah, Hakimiyyah and Jihad which will be discussed in this essay. These firm ideas, lead to vast criticism from both Muslims and non Muslims.

On the non-Muslim side we see Sayyid Qutb writings have drawn big attention in the western world, and this is largely caused by the ongoing activities associated with Osama bin laden and the so called Al-qaeda network which is accused of being responsible for September 11th 2001 spectacular atrocities.

Robert Irwin, a journalist wrote an article in the U.K leading newspaper, The Guardian Unlimited (Thursday, Nov, 1, 2001) under the dilemmic title
“Is this the man who inspired Bin Laden?”[1] In his article he referred to Sayyid Qutb as the “father of modern fundamentalism”[2].Further still he accused Sayyid Qutb as an advocate of Jihad in the modern times and “the chief developer of doctrines which legitimise violent Muslim resistance to regimes that claim to be Muslim, but whose implementation of Islamic precepts is judged to be imperfect.”

Still in his article he claims that Qutb in his famous work Fi –Zilal al-Qur’an (commentary of the Qur’an) that; “Qutb deduced that the Christians are all destined for hell[3] and add that in his later writings he polemicised against Christians ,Jews and the western way of life.”[4]

While on the Muslim side we see groups like ‘Salafi malikis’[5] being the main opponents who explicitly express their dissatisfactions against his teachings, this is partly caused by the influence and pressure of dictatorial regimes they are in and being the scholars and muftis of these governments, they will have to condemn Qutb’s writings as they legitimise resistance and...
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