Salvador Dali & Surrealism

Art Speech Transcript by Tom Bottrill
Salvador Dali & Surrealism
The dominant motivation of surrealist painting and construction is to bring together, into a single composition, aspects of outer and inner reality in much the same way seemingly unrelated fragments of life combine in the vivid world of dreams. In the “Manifesto of Surrealism” Andre Breton defined surrealism as, “pure psychic automatism by which is intended to express…the true function of thought. Thought dictated in the absence of all control exerted by reason and outside all aesthetic or moral preoccupations…Surrealism is based on the belief in the superior reality of certain forms of association heretofore neglected, in the omnipotence of the dream”. Beginning in the early 1920’s Surrealism directly preceded and was developed out of, the Dada activities of World War I. From the 1920’s onwards, the movement spread around the globe, eventually affecting the visual arts, literature, film and the music and languages of many countries, as well as political thought and practice, philosophy and social theory. Surrealist leader and theorist André Breton, was explicit in his assertion that Surrealism was above all, a revolutionary movement and one of the most influential and significant artists of that movement was Salvador Dali.
Dali (Brief Bio)/Artist
Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, Marquis of Púbol, was an extremely prominent Catalan surrealist artist. Born on 11th   May 1904 in the Spanish town of Figueres, Catalonia, he died on 23rd January 1989. Whether it was Dali’s eccentric attitude, his bizarre moustache or his amazing surrealist art, he became one of the world’s most famous and internationally recognized artists. He was prolific, producing over 1500 paintings alone. In 1922 Dali moved to Madrid, to pursue painting at the Academy of Arts. Within the Academy, he experimented with both cubism and Dadaism. He later moved to Paris, where he mixed with other progressive...