Russian History

Long Response
A) Tsar Nicholas’ leadership inadequacies were the sole reason for his downfall.
Assess the accuracy of this statement.

Tsar Nicholas’ forced abdication on the 2nd of March 1917 was solely the result of his leadership inadequacies during his reign from 1894-1917. In addition Industrialisation, the October Manifesto and World War One (WW1) all played a vital role in the downfall of the Romanov Dynasty. The Tsar’s inadequacies included his need to rule autocratically, have total control over the country and to make self-centred decisions about how Russia was governed.

When Tsar Nicholas was coroneted in 1894 Russia’s economy was mostly centred on agriculture, although it was slowly starting to become industrialised. Industrialisation is the production of goods using machinery rather than manual labour . When industrialisation started to occur, cities such as St Petersburg thrived and in between 1890 and 1900 it grew by approximately 250 000 people . This growth could not be sustained by the Tsar’s government, therefore the construction of new housing for the working force could not be matched to the growth, making the conditions for workers appalling. Most of the housing provided was unhygienic and they often faced freezing conditions. However, conditions for those who slept, ate, and worked in factories it was far worse. Workers would have to sleep next to their work benches, the work was treacherous and extremely dangerous. The newly coroneted Tsar did little or nothing to help or fix the workers conditions and he didn’t listen to the voices of his people, showing how ignorant he was.

At this point in time the working class of Russia was in despair, the newly coroneted Tsar did not listen to their voices, and their working conditions were appalling. This led to workers questioning the Tsar’s authority and the way he just turned them aside. On the 9th of January 1905, a peaceful procession of peasants and workers slowly marched towards the...