Rome, at its peak, was regarded as one the greatest and most powerful empire in history. But like most great things, it had to start somewhere small .The Roman Empire wasn’t always powerful. In fact, it was unremarkable as was even called, ‘a warrior state.’ Only through alliances did Rome grow, gradually and slowly. As Rome continued to expand through the Mediterranean, it got involved in many wars. There was the first Punic War, against the North African cities, which was successful. The second was with the Carthaginians, who were led by Hannibal. Its great armies won Rome’s previous victories. But armies were not enough to defeat the Carthagians. So, Rome allocated its soldiers to become sailors. This strategy, though risky, led them to victory. Even before its majestic state, Rome’s resourcefulness and superb military was already evident.
Rome’s type of government was plutarchy and oligarchy. Consuls were always a line of males from wealthy families. Generals, regardless of their outstanding exemplars, did not possess long-term positions and not all were willing to relinquish this power. Among them, was Julius Caesar.
As Rome continued to grow, it became more ruthless. They killed civilians and men were in automatically enlisted for the military. Rome’s mentality of brutality takes precedence over aspects. Even their entertainment was brutal. It was large-scale but violent and bloody. Corruption also started to grow. The Roman dominance allowed oligarchies unrivaled power and importance and priority were guaranteed to the elites.
Not all emperors expanded through wars. Hadrian subtly conquered other Greek states by accepting their culture. He tried to infuse both Greek and Roman culture, which made it look like a sort of alliance. He built temples with Greek gods but with Roman elements. Personally, I think it was an effective way of brainwashing subjects without them knowing it. As they accept Roman culture, they slowly disregard their own. This account...