Rise of Nazi Party

Date: 8th Feb. 2011                                                                                                         Nitin Goyal
                                                            Rise of the Nazi Party
M.M. 20
Q) What are the events which led to Hitler becoming the Chancellor?
Ans. Since it’s established in 1919 the Weimar Republic had been constantly waning. The Weimar possessed more weaknesses than strengths. The very fact that it was born out of defeat weakened it considerably and other factors like faulty constitution made it absolutely limb by 1933. At this time the German Nationalist Socialist Workers party or The Nazi party was the largest political party in Germany and its leader Adolf Hitler was demanding the chancellorship of the Democratic Republic after the abrupt dismissal of Kurt von Schleicher by President Hindenburg. Shortly after Schleicher’s dismissal Hindenburg gave the Chancellery of the Democratic Republic to Hitler who had sworn to destroy it.
The reason behind Hitler’s success was blend of many events. In the 1930 elections the Nazi vote jumped dramatically from 810,000 to 6,409,000 (18.3 per cent of the total vote) and the party received 107 seats in the Reichstag. In the elections of July 1932 the Nazis emerged as the largest political party in Germany, obtaining nearly 14 million votes (37.3 per cent) and 230 seats. Although they fell back in November 1932 to 11 million votes (196 seats), Hitler was helped to power by conservative politicians led by Franz von Papen, who persuaded the reluctant von Hindenburg to nominate him as Reich Chancellor on January 30, 1933. Once in power, Hitler swiftly outmanoeuvred his rivals and was declared Führer in August.
When the stock market collapsed in October the 29th, 1929 sent financial markets worldwide into a nightmare. Germany was especially vulnerable since it was built up of mostly loans from America and was very dependent on foreign trade. When those loans suddenly...