Relationship with God

Hinduism Paper Ch.3
Anita Trent

Hinduism Paper Ch.3
      As stated by Fisher (2005), the Samkhya system, though un-datable, is thought to be the oldest in India. Its founders is said to be the semi-mythical sage Kapila. Its principles appear in Janinism and Buddhism from the sixth century BCE, so the system probably preceded them and may be of pre-Vedic origin. Samkhya philosophy holds that there are two states of reality. One is the Purusha, the self, which is eternally wise, pure, and free, beyond cause. The other is Prakriti the cause of the material universe. All our suffering stems from our false confusion of Prakriti with Purusha, the eternal self. A dualistic understanding of life is essential, according to this system, if we are to distinguish the ultimate transcendent reality of Purusha from the temporal appearances of Prakriti, which bring us happiness but also misery and delusion.
      Although there is no single founder today, devotional   tradition, or philosophy which can be said to define Sanatana Dharma, everyday life is so imbuses with spiritually meaningful aspects that spirituality is never far from one’s mind, Those we will examine here include rituals, castes and social duties, life stages,   home puja, home-age to the guru, fasting, prayer, auspicious designs, reverence paid by trees and rivers, pilgrimages, and religious festivals. From the cradle to the cremation ground, the Hindu’s life is wrapped up in rituals. There are sixteen rites prescribed in the ancient scriptures to purify and sanctify the person in his or her journey through life, including rites at the time of conception, the braiding of the pregnant mother’s hair , birth, name-giving, beginning of solid foods, starting education, investing boys with sacred thread, first leaving the family house, starting studies of Vedas, marriage and death. The process of attaining spiritual realization or liberation is thought to take at least a lifetime, and...