Recognising Abuse.

Abuse is mistreatment by any person or person that violates a person human and civicl rights. The abuse can vary, from treatning someone with disrespect in a way that sifnificantly affects the person’s quality of life ,to causing actual physical or mental suffering.
There are different types of abuse.
Physical Abuse is 'the non-accidental infliction of physical force that results in bodily injury, pain or impairment'.
Examples of Physical Abuse
• Hitting;
• Slapping;
• Kicking;
• Inappropriate restraint or sanctions;
• Force feeding;
• Misuse (or inappropriate withholding) of medication.
Signs and Symptoms of Physical Abuse:
The signs of Physical Abuse are often evident but can also be hidden by the abuser or the victim. Any unexplained injuries should always be fully investigated. Evidence to look out for includes:
• Any injury not fully explained by the history given;
• Injuries inconsistent with the lifestyle of the Adult at Risk;
• Bruises and/or welts on face, lips, mouth, torso, arms, back, buttocks, thighs;
• Clusters of injuries forming regular patterns or reflecting the shape of an article;
• Burns, especially on soles, palms or back; from immersion in hot water, friction burns, rope or electric appliance burns;
• Multiple fractures;
• Lacerations or abrasions to mouth, lips, gums, eyes, external genitalia;
• Marks on body, including slap marks, finger marks;
• Injuries at different stages of healing
Sexual Abuse
Sexual Abuse is defined as 'direct or indirect involvement in sexual activity without valid consent.' Consent to a particular activity may not be given because:
• A person has capacity and does not want to give it;
• A person lacks capacity and is therefore unable to give it;
• A person feels coerced into activity because the other person is in a position of trust, power or authority.
Examples of Sexual Abuse
• Unwanted physical and sexual contact, e.g. caresses;
• Intercourse with someone who lacks the...