Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941), sobriquet Gurudev, was a Bengali poet, novelist, musician, painter ,thespian,educationist and playwright who reshaped Bengali literature and music. As author of Gitanjali and its "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse", he was the first non-European who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913
A Pirali Brahmin from Kolkata, Tagore was born on 7 may 1861 in Calcutta, Bengal presidency British India. He was already writing poems at age eight. At age sixteen, he wrote his first short stories and dramas in 1877. Tagore denounced the British Raj and supported independence. His efforts endure in his vast canon and in the institution he founded, Visva-Bharati University.
Tagore modernised Bengali art by spurning rigid classical forms. His novels, stories, songs, dance-dramas, and essays spoke to political and personal topics. Gitanjali , Gora (Fair-Faced), and Ghare-Baire (The Home and the World) are his best-known works, and his verse, short stories, and novels were acclaimed for their lyricism, colloquialism, naturalism, and contemplation. Tagore was perhaps the only litterateur who penned anthems of two countries - Jana Gana Mana, the Indian national anthem and Amar Shonar Bangla, the Bangladeshi national anthem. He died on 7 august 1941 at the age of 80 in Bengal Province, British India.
Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941), ‘As a writer he is now largely
unread and forgotten in everything but name’. Yet Tagore, a multifaceted genius, a
darling of versatility, was the most respected name in the literary-cultural world
during his lifetime, in both the East and West.
He was not only the first Asian to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature (in
1913) ‘but also only the second writer in English to receive it’. Fondly dubbed
‘Gurudev’ (venerable teacher) by Mahatma Gandhi (whose title ‘Mahatma,’ or ‘the
great soul’ was suitably given by Tagore) and ‘eagle-sized lark’ by Romain Rolland,